Is Copper’s Supposed Surplus Now a Scarcity?


Is Copper’s Supposed Surplus Now a Scarcity?

Copper Crisis: From Surplus to Shortage - The Global Impact Unveiled

In the realm of commodities, copper has always been a pivotal player. This unassuming metal, with its distinctive reddish hue, is an unsung hero in t

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In the realm of commodities, copper has always been a pivotal player. This unassuming metal, with its distinctive reddish hue, is an unsung hero in the world’s quest for sustainable energy. As electric vehicles and renewable energy infrastructure gain momentum, the demand for copper has surged. The anticipation was that the copper supply would comfortably exceed demand until 2024, providing a buffer for the green energy transition. However, recent events have thrown the copper market into turmoil, leaving analysts to ponder whether scarcity is the new reality.

The Vanishing Surplus

A forecasted surplus of copper was on the horizon, promising relief to a market that had been grappling with tightening supply. The onset of several large mining projects worldwide had instilled hope. But this optimism was short-lived as the mining industry uncovered the vulnerabilities of copper supply chains.

Supply Disruptions

The past few weeks have witnessed unprecedented disruptions in the copper mining landscape. One of the world’s largest copper mines was abruptly shut down in response to intense public protests, highlighting the profound impact of social opposition on supply. Additionally, operational setbacks have forced leading miners to slash production forecasts, effectively removing hundreds of thousands of tons of copper from expected supply.

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Market Impact

The removal of around 600,000 tons of copper from expected supply has dramatically shifted the market dynamics. Instead of a predicted surplus, the market is now teetering on the edge of balance, or even a deficit. This abrupt change serves as a stark warning: copper is indispensable for the global economy’s decarbonization, making mining companies pivotal players in the transition to green energy.

The Price Paradox

Surprisingly, the price response to these supply disruptions has been subdued, primarily due to concerns about China’s property sector. However, any sign of demand resurgence could send shockwaves through this now-tight copper market.

Panama’s Ultimatum

Panama’s government recently ordered First Quantum Minerals Ltd. to halt all operations at its $10 billion copper mine, Cobre Panama, amid ongoing protests and legal disputes. This mine had the potential to produce about 400,000 tons of copper annually.

Anglo American’s Surprise

Adding to the turmoil, Anglo American Plc, a major player in the mining industry, blindsided investors by announcing substantial production cuts in its South American copper business. This unexpected move sent the company’s shares plummeting by 19%, and it has reduced its copper production target for the next year by approximately 200,000 tons. The decline in production is expected to continue into 2025.

The Analysts’ Outlook

Analysts’ projections for the copper market have undergone a seismic shift in response to these developments.

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BMO Capital Markets

BMO Capital Markets, which had previously forecasted a significant surplus of refined copper for the next year, now predicts a small deficit instead.

Goldman Sachs Group Inc.

Goldman Sachs Group Inc., known for its bullish stance on copper, had already foreseen a deficit in refined copper for 2024. Now, it expects that shortfall to exceed half a million tons.


Jefferies, too, anticipates a substantial deficit in the coming year. They assert that “disruptions have significantly increased, and a market deficit is now increasingly likely.” The copper market might be at the precipice of the next copper cycle.


The world’s copper supply, once perceived as abundant, is facing newfound scarcity. Supply disruptions driven by social and operational challenges have transformed the market dynamics. While prices have yet to react strongly, the looming prospect of a copper deficit should not be underestimated. As we journey toward a greener, electrified world, the role of copper and the challenges faced by its mining industry take center stage.


1. Why is copper essential for the green energy transition? Copper is a vital component in electric vehicles and renewable energy infrastructure, making it crucial for reducing carbon emissions and transitioning to sustainable energy sources.

2. What caused the shutdown of one of the world’s largest copper mines? Intense public protests and legal disputes in Panama led to the closure of the Cobre Panama copper mine.

3. How has Anglo American Plc contributed to the supply disruption? Anglo American Plc announced substantial production cuts in its South American copper business, significantly reducing global copper supply expectations.

4. How are analysts revising their outlook on the copper market? Analysts, such as BMO Capital Markets, Goldman Sachs Group Inc., and Jefferies, are now projecting deficits in the copper market, reversing earlier surplus predictions.

5. What does the future hold for the copper market? The copper market is at a critical juncture, with supply challenges threatening to disrupt the transition to green energy. The industry must adapt to ensure a steady copper supply for a sustainable future.